Hatikva, brass quintet
Traditional melody arranged by Samuel Cohen (1888); arranged for brass quintet by Don "Orfeo" Rechtman
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Full Score A4 PDF
A live performance by Boulder, Colorado's Tonic Brass, May 11, 2002. (8MB WMA file)
Lyrics and History of Hatikva
As long as deep in the heart,
The title of the Israeli national anthem, HATIKVA, means “The Hope.” It was a poem written by Naftali Herz Imber (1856-1909), who moved to Palestine in 1882 from Galicia. The melody was arranged by Samuel Cohen, an immigrant from Moldavia, from a musical theme used in Smetana's "Moldau" that is based on an Eastern European folk song.
Hatikva expresses the hope of the Jewish people, that they would someday return to the land of their forefathers as prophesied in the Old Testament. The Jewish people were exiled from Israel in 70 C.E. by the Roman army led by Titus who destroyed the Temple in Jerusalem. During the two thousand years of exile, the Jewish people said special daily prayers for return to Israel while facing the East in the direction of Jerusalem. They celebrated the holidays according to Hebrew seasons and calendar. Zion is synonymous with Israel and Jerusalem.